Under OSHA's recordkeeping regulation, certain covered employers are required to prepare and maintain records of serious occupational injuries and illnesses using the OSHA 300 Log. This information is important for employers, workers, and OSHA in evaluating the safety of a workplace, understanding industry hazards, and implementing worker protections to reduce and eliminate hazards.
However, there are two classes of employers that are partially exempt from routinely keeping injury and illness records. First, employers with ten or fewer employees at all times during the previous calendar year are exempt from routinely keeping OSHA injury and illness records.
Second, establishments in certain low-hazard industries (see next section) are also partially exempt from routinely keeping OSHA injury and illness records.
Am I required to prepare and maintain records under the new rule?
To find out if you are required to prepare and maintain records under the updated rule, first determine your NAICS code by:
- Using the search feature at the U.S. Census Bureau NAICS main webpage. In the search box for the most recent NAICS, enter a keyword that describes your business. Choose the primary business activity that most closely corresponds to you, or refine your search to get more choices.
- Viewing the most recent complete NAICS tables on the U.S. Census Bureau NAICS main web page. Select the two-digit sector code and choose a six-digit industry code to read its definition.
- Using an old SIC code to find your NAICS code using the detailed conversion tables on the U.S. Census Bureau Concordances page.
- Contacting your nearest OSHA office or state agency for help.
- Once you have found your NAICS code, you can use the following table to determine if your industry is exempt from the recordkeeping rule. Below is the web address to see if you are exempt: https://www.osha.gov/recordkeeping/ppt1/RK1exempttable.html
NOTE: Companies with 10 or fewer employees at all times in the previous year continue to be exempt from keeping OSHA records, regardless of their industry classification. The partial exemption for size is based on the number of employees in the entire company.
What forms do I need to complete if I need to keep OSHA records?
The OSHA injury and illness recordkeeping forms are:
- The Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 300),
- The Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 300A), and
- The Injury and Illness Incident Report (OSHA Form 301).
Employers must fill out the Log and the Incident Report only if a recordable work-related injury or illness has occurred. Employers must fill out and post the Summary annually, even if no recordable work-related injuries or illnesses occurred during the year.
All forms are available for download at the following site:
In place of the OSHA forms, employers may also use equivalent forms (forms that have the same information, are as readable and understandable, and are completed using the same instructions as the OSHA forms they replace). Many employers use an insurance form instead of the Incident Report or supplement an insurance form by adding information required by OSHA.
Senior Loss Control Representative